Are there imported Japanese Kanji in Korean Hanja?

腺 (せん; sen), a kokuji meaning gland, is part of hanja (it is read as ?; seon).

  • Tonsil is 扁桃腺 (???; pyeondo seon)
  • Thyroid is 甲狀腺 (???; gapsang seon)

Chinese uses 腺 as well (pronounced as xiàn in Mandarin).

腺 is both an associative and phono-semantic compound character (會意兼形聲字). The components are 肉 (flesh) and 泉 (source of water/liquid), so a gland is a part of a body that secretes liquid. Also, 肉 serves as the semantic hint, and 泉 (せん) serves as the phonetic hint.

Udegawa Genshin was the creator of 腺, and he coined it sometime in the late 1700s or early 1800s.[1][2]

(This is based on my comment on Kirby Cho’s answer.)


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.